Seahorses

Pygmy Seahorses

Hippocampus Bargibanti's 

 

Bargibanti's seahorse - (Hippocampus bargibanti) is a seahorse of the family Syngnathidae in the western central Pacific. It is tiny, no larger than about 2.4 cm.  There are two known color variations: grey with red tubercles and yellow with orange tubercles.  

This species is known to occur only on gorgonian corals of the genus Muricella, and has evolved to resemble its host. The tubercles and truncated snout of this species match the color and shape of the polyps of the host gorgonian, while its body matches the gorgonian stem. The camouflage is so effective, the original specimens were discovered only after their host gorgonian had been collected and placed in an aquarium.

 

Littlest Pygmy Seahorse Denise

Hippocampus Denise Giving Birth

 

Denise seahorse is very tiny, said to be the littlest pygmy seahorse, smaller then bargibanti's pygmy seahorse, denise pygmy seahorses are more active and grow only to a total length of 1.5 cm (5/8 inch). It is a yellowish brown and resembles the bargibanti pygmy seahorse though its tubercles are less distinct. They are usually solitary, though they may be found in small groups on their host gorgonians, colonies of the genera Acanthogorgra and Annella. 

Sea Dragons

Weedy Sea Dragon Pair

Phyllopteryx taeniolatus, the weedy sea dragon or common sea dragon, is a marine fish related to the seahorse. It is the only member of the genus Phyllopteryx. It is found in water 3 to 50 m deep around the southern coastline of Australia, as well as around Tasmania. Weedy sea dragons are named for the weed-like projections on their bodies that camouflage them as they move among the seaweed beds where they are usually found.

Weedy sea dragons can reach 45 cm in length. They feed on tiny crustaceans and other zooplankton, from places such as crevices in reef, which are sucked into the end of their long tube-like snout. They lack a prehensile tail that enables similar species to clasp and anchor themselves. Phyllopteryx taeniolatus swim in shallow reefs and weed beds, and resemble drifting weed when moving over bare sand. A more cryptic relative of the weedy sea dragon is the leafy sea dragon Phycodurus eques.

Leafy Sea Dragon

Phycodurus eques - The leafy sea dragon, Phycodurus eques, is a marine fish in the family Syngnathidae, which also includes the seahorses. It is the only member of the genus Phycodurus. It is found along the southern and western coasts of Australia. The name is derived from the appearance, with long leaf-like protrusions coming from all over the body. These protrusions are not used for propulsion; they serve only as camouflage. The leafy sea dragon propels itself by means of a pectoral fin on the ridge of its neck and a dorsal fin on its back closer to the tail end. These small fins are almost completely transparent and difficult to see as they undulate minutely to move the creature sedately through the water, completing the illusion of floating seaweed.

The leafy sea dragon is related to the pipefish and belongs to the family Syngnathidae, along with the seahorse. It differs from the seahorse in appearance, form of locomotion, and its inability to coil or grasp things with its tail. A related species is the weedy sea dragon.

Seahorse Species

There are over 50 species of seahorse....

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The Seahorses are a genus, Hippocampus, of fishes within the family Syngnathidae, which also includes the pipefishes and are mainly found in shallow tropical and temperate waters throughout the world.

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